View Full Version : LAKE TAHOE-"Paiute War 1860" (coming Event)

10-04-2013, 11:09 PM
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Paiute War 1860
The Paiute War, also known as the Pyramid Lake War, Washoe Indian War and the Pah Ute War, was an armed conflict between Northern Paiutes allied with the Shoshone and the Bannock against the United States. It took place in May 1860 in the vicinity of Pyramid Lake in the Utah Territory, now within present day Nevada. The war was preceded by a series of increasingly violent incidents, culminating in two pitched battles in which approximately eighty settlers were killed. The number of Paiutes killed in action is unrecorded.[citation needed] Smaller raids and skirmishes continued until a cease-fire was agreed to in August 1860; there was no treaty.

Early settlement of what is now northwestern Nevada had a tremendously disruptive effect on the Northern Paiute people. The fragility of the Great Basin ecosystem magnified this disruption despite the relatively low density of the settlers. These disruptions included the felling of single-leaf pinyon groves, a major food source for the Paiute, for the mining industry and monopolization of water sources. In addition, settlers and Paiutes competed for grazing lands. Several murders were committed by both Paiutes and the settlers. The lack of effective government in the area meant that there was no formal judicial response to these incidents, leading to private retribution and a general atmosphere of fear and distrust. The winter of 1859-1860 was particularly cold and snowy in the Great Basin, creating great hardship for the Paiute. Chief Winnemucca died in the winter of 1859. He had been influential among the Paiute, widely liked by the settlers, and therefore served as an ambassador and keeper of an uneasy peace. Paiute bands from across the Great Basin gathered at Pyramid Lake for the spring fish run due to monopolization and destruction of local food supplies by the settlers.
Williams Station Massacre
Main article: Williams Station Massacre

Williams Station was a combination saloon, general store and stagecoach station located along the Carson River at the modern-day Lahontan Reservoir. On May 6, 1860 Williams Station was raided by Paiutes. This raid was in retaliation for the kidnap and rape of two young Paiute girls by the proprietors of the station. Three Americans were killed and the station was burned.One victim managed to escape to Virginia City, and his story caused a general panic in the region. A militia was quickly formed from volunteers from Virginia City, Silver City, Carson City and Genoa with the purpose of apprehending the perpetrators. This force consisted of about 105 men and was under the overall command of Major William Ormsby. It was organized as follows:[1]

Genoa Rangers - Captain F. F. Condon
Carson City Rangers - Major William Ormsby
Silver City Guards - Captain R. G. Watkins
1st Virginia City Company - Captain F. Johnston
2nd Virginia City Company - Captain Archie McDonald

First Battle of Pyramid Lake
Main article: First Battle of Pyramid Lake

Ormsby's command assembled at the ruins of Williams Station, and then proceeded north to the Truckee River, and then along that river towards Pyramid Lake. On May 12 it was ambushed and routed by Paiute forces under the command of Numaga approximately five miles south of the lake. Seventy-six of the 105 militiamen were killed, including Ormsby,[2] and many of the others were wounded. The number of Paiute killed is not recorded, but thought to be quite small in comparison.[3]

Accounts indicate that the volunteer militia of 105 were poorly armed, badly mounted, and almost completely unorganized. They met at Williams Station and finding no natives, they headed towards Pyramid Lake, a known settlement of the previously friendly Paiute Indians whose chief had recently died. Along the way they encountered a small party of Paiutes on a rocky hill. The whites attacked the Indians who fled after returning a few shots. The Indians continued firing sporadically as they fled into the ravine with the 105 militia pursing them. Once in the ravine 200 to 300 Paiute warriors appeared and began shooting. They closed off the route of escape and fired on the militia from all sides. The civilian militia headed for a patch of woods as their only escape and some of the survivors of the battle were pursued twenty miles. Up to 500 Paiutes are thought to have participated in the battle. The total of dead was seventy-six civilian militia members. It is unknown how many Paiutes were killed. [4]
Organization of U.S. Forces

In response to the first battle of Pyramid Lake, settlers called upon legendary Texas Ranger Colonel John C. Hays. Hays organized a force of local volunteer militia dubbed the "Washoe Regiment". The Washoe Regiment was composed of 13 companies from the areas surrounding Carson City NV, Virginia City NV, Nevada City, CA and Sacramento CA.[5] In addition to the volunteers under Hays, the U.S. Army responded by sending a detachment of U.S. artillery and infantry from Fort Alcatraz, California. This contingent known as the "Carson River Expedition" was led by Captain Joseph Stewart. Hays' volunteers went into action at the Battle of Williams Station and were then joined by Stewart's regulars.

Washoe Regiment
Field & Staff

Colonel John C. Hays
Lt. Colonel J. Saunders
Major Daniel E. Hungerford


Company A “Spy Company” – Captain L. B. Fleeson
Company B “Sierra Guards” – Captain E. J. Smith
Company C “Truckee Rangers” – Captain Alanson W. Nightingill
Company D “Sierra Guards” – Captain J. B. Reed
Company E “Carson Rangers” – Captain P. H. Clayton
Company F “Nevada Rifles” – Captain J. B Van Hagan (CA)
Company G “Sierra Guards” – Captain F. F. Patterson
Company H “San Juan Rifles” – Captain N. C. Miller
Company I “Independent City Guards of Sacramento” – Captain A. G. Snowden (CA)
Company J “from Sacramento” – Captain Joseph Virgo (CA)
Company K “Virginia Rifles” – Captain Edward Farris Storey
Company L “Carson Rifles” – Captain J.L. Blackburn
Company M “Silver City Guards” – Captain Ford
Company N “Highland Rangers/Vaqueros” – Captain S. B. Wallace
Company O “Sierra Guards” – Captain Creed Haymond

Carson River Expedition
Field & Staff

Captain Joseph Stewart
Captain T. Moore, Quartermaster
Lieutenant Horatio G. Gibson, Asst. Commissary of Substance


Company G, 3rd U.S. Artillery - Captain Joseph Stewart
Company I, 3rd U.S. Artillery - Lieutenant Horatio G. Gibson
Company A, 6th U.S. Infantry - Captain F. F. Flint
Company H, 6th U.S. Infantry - Lieutenant J. McCreary

Second Battle of Pyramid Lake
Main article: Second Battle of Pyramid Lake

In late June, Stewart and Hays retraced the steps of Ormsby's command and met Numaga's Paiutes at the same location as Ormsby's fight. Hays and Stewart defeated Numaga and the Paiute forces scattered across the Great Basin. After a minor skirmish in the Lake Range north-east of Pyramid Lake, the volunteer forces were disbanded. Stewart's regulars stayed in the field for a little while longer before returning to the Carson River near Williams Station to construct Fort Churchill. Four regiment members were killed in the second battle of Pyramid lake, and 160 Paiutes were claimed to have been killed.[6]

After the second battle of Pyramid Lake, the federal forces built a small fort at the southern end of Pyramid Lake to deny that area to the Paiutes. Small skirmishes and raids continued until August, when an informal cease-fire between Numaga and white surveyors working in the area north of Pyramid Lake was achieved. In 1861 the fort at Pyramid Lake was abandoned in favor of Fort Churchill, which was further south, along the Carson River. While the number of Paiutes killed in action during the Pyramid Lake War was probably quite small[citation needed], the disruption to food gathering activities, especially fishing in Pyramid Lake, may have killed more from starvation. The Bannock War of 1878 may be viewed as a continuation of the Pyramid Lake War, as some Paiutes and Bannock fought in both wars. The war is of particular note because of its effect on the famed Pony Express. Several stations were ambushed and the service experienced its first and only delays in delivery. A few riders distinguished themselves during this time, especially Robert "Pony Bob" Haslam, who accomplished (out of necessity) a 380-mile round trip between Lake Tahoe (Friday's Station) and Fort Churchill and back with only nine hours of rest around May 10 of 1860.

Fort Churchill
Fort history

In 1860 a band of Paiutes and Bannocks attacked Williams Station along the Carson River in retaliation for the kidnap and rape of two young Paiute girls by the proprietors of the station.[3] In retaliation a small group of volunteer soldiers and vigilantes led by Maj. William Ormsby attacked the Native Americans, starting the so-called Pyramid Lake War. Ormsby's force was defeated and in response Colonel John C. Hays and Captain Joseph Stewart led a larger force of volunteers and U.S. Regulars to defeat the Natives at the Second Battle of Pyramid Lake.[4]

Captain Stewart, leading the Regular contingent, afterward established a permanent U.S. Army fort along the Carson River near the location of where the hostilities began at Williams Station. The post was named Fort Churchill for Sylvester Churchill, Inspector General of the U.S. Army. Construction on the fort began on July 20, 1860 and was completed in 1861. Built to provide protection for early settlers and the mail route along the Pony Express, the fort became an important supply depot for the Union Army during the American Civil War. Average strength during this time was 200 soldiers, but the post was abandoned in 1869 shortly after the conclusion of the Civil War. The abandoned buildings were sold at an auction for $750 after the state of Nevada declined to take possession of the property.[5]

John Coffee Hays

Hays was born at Little Cedar Lick, Wilson County, Tennessee. Rachel Jackson and Andrew Jackson were his Aunt and Uncle, Jack spent much time with them growing up at the Hermitage prior to the Jackson presidency. His father Harmon Hays named his son after longtime family friend and Jackson protégé Colonel John Coffee.[1] His brother was Confederate General Harry T. Hays of New Orleans. His sister, Sarah Hays Lea, was the mother of John Hays Hammond.[2]

In 1836, at the age of 19, Hays migrated to Texas. Sam Houston appointed him as a member of a company of Texas Rangers because he knew the Hays family from Tennessee.

In the following years, Hays led the Rangers on a campaign against the Comanche and other tribes in Texas, and succeeded in weakening their power. In 1840 Tonkawa Chief Placido and 13 scouts joined with the Rangers to track down a large Comanche war party,[3] culminating at the Battle of Plum Creek.[4] Later, Hays commanded the force against the invasion from Mexico of 1842. During the Mexican-American War (1846–1848), Hays commanded again. The Rangers excelled during this conflict, gaining nationwide fame.

Washoe Indianer people

Washoe people have lived in the Great Basin for at least the last 6000 years.[1] Prior to contact with Europeans, the territory of the Washoe people was roughly bounded by the southern shore of Honey Lake in the north, the west fork of the Walker River in the south, the Sierra Nevada crest in the west, and the first range east of the Sierra Nevada in the east. The Washoe would generally spend the summer in the Sierra Nevada, the fall in the ranges to the east, and the winter and spring in the valleys between them.
Washoe woman

Washoe people are the only Great Basin tribe whose language is not Numic, so they are believed to have inhabited the region before neighboring tribes. The Kings Beach Complex that emerged around 500 CE around Lake Tahoe and the northern Sierra Nevadas are regarded as early Washoe culture. The Martis complex may have overlapped with the Kings Beach culture, and Martis pit houses gave way to conical bark slab houses of historic Washoe culture.[2]

The Washoe people and the neighboring Northern Paiute people were culturally and linguistically very different, and they sometimes came into conflict. The Washoe were confined to the area south of Carson City, and they were deprived from owning horses.[3]

Washoe people may have made contact with Spanish explorers in the early 19th century, but the Washoe did not sustain contact with people of European culture until the 1848 California Gold Rush.[1] Washoe resistance to incursions on their lands proved futile, and the last armed conflict with the Washoes and non-Indians was the "Potato War" of 1857, when starving Washoes were killed for gathering potatoes from a European-American farm near Honey Lake in California.[4]

Loss of the valley hunting grounds to farms and the Piñon pine groves to feed Virginia City's demand for lumber and charcoal drove most Washoe to dependency on jobs in white ranches, farms and cities. The areas where they settled became known as Indian colonies.
Louisa Keyser (Dat So La Lee), Washoe basketweaver

Piñon pine nuts gathered in the fall provided much of the food eaten in the winter. Roots, seeds, berries and game provided much of the food eaten in the rest of the year.[5]

The Pine Nut Dance and girls' puberty rites remain very important ceremonies.[6]

10-04-2013, 11:28 PM
Leader of the Paiute indian "NUMAGA"
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AND IN GAME Leader "NUMAGA" her Tribe and the Armor of the Paiute indian!
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The origin of the word "Paiute" is unclear. Some anthropologists have interpreted it as "Water Ute" or "True Ute". The Northern Paiute call themselves Numa (sometimes written Numu); the Southern Paiute call themselves Nuwuvi. Both terms mean "the people". The Northern Paiute are sometimes referred to as Paviotso. Early Spanish explorers called the Southern Paiute Payuchi (they did not make contact with the Northern Paiute). Early Euro-American settlers often called both groups of Paiute "Diggers" (presumably because of their practice of digging for roots). As the Paiute consider the term derogatory, they discourage its use.
Language and culture
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The Northern and Southern Paiute both speak languages belonging to the Numic branch of the Uto-Aztecan family of Native American languages. Usage of the terms Paiute, Northern Paiute and Southern Paiute is most correct when referring to groups of people with similar language and culture. It does not imply a political connection or even an especially close genetic relationship. The Northern Paiute speak the Northern Paiute language, while the Southern Paiute speak the Colorado River Numic language. These languages are not as closely related to each other as they are to other Numic languages.

The Bannock, Mono, Coso, Timbisha and Kawaiisu peoples, who also speak Numic languages and live in adjacent areas, are sometimes also referred to as Paiute. The Bannock speak a dialect of Northern Paiute, while the Mono Tribe and other three peoples speak separate Numic languages: Mono language is more closely related to Northern Paiute, as is Coso; the Timbisha language is more closely related to the Shoshoni language, and the Kawaiisu language is more closely related to Colorado River Numic.
Northern Paiute
See also: Northern Paiute traditional narratives
Sarah Winnemucca, Paiute writer and lecturer
Captain John, Leader of the Yosemite-Mono Lake Paiutes
Chief Winnemucca, Chief of the Paiutes. He was also named Poito.

The Northern Paiute traditionally have lived in the Great Basin in eastern California, western Nevada, and southeast Oregon. The Northern Paiute's pre-contact lifestyle was well adapted to the harsh desert environment in which they lived. Each tribe or band occupied a specific territory, generally centered on a lake or wetland that supplied fish and water-fowl. Rabbits and pronghorn were taken from surrounding areas in communal drives, which often involved neighboring bands. Individuals and families appear to have moved freely between bands. Pinyon nuts gathered in the mountains in the fall provided critical winter food. Grass seeds and roots were also important parts of their diet. The name of each band came from a characteristic food source. For example, the people at Pyramid Lake were known as the Cui Ui Ticutta (meaning "Cui-ui eaters"), the people of the Lovelock area were known as the Koop Ticutta, meaning "ground-squirrel eaters", and the people of the Carson Sink were known as the Toi Ticutta, meaning "tule eaters". The Kucadikadi of Mono County, California are the "brine fly eaters".

Relations among the Northern Paiute bands and their Shoshone neighbors were generally peaceful. There is no sharp distinction between the Northern Paiute and Western Shoshone. Relations with the Washoe people, who were culturally and linguistically very different, were not so peaceful.

Sustained contact between the Northern Paiute and Euro-Americans came in the early 1840s, although the first contact may have occurred as early as the 1820s. Although the Paiute had adopted the use of horses from other Great Plains tribes, their culture was otherwise largely unaffected by European influences at that point. As Euro-American settlement of the area progressed, several violent incidents occurred, including the Pyramid Lake War of 1860, Owens Valley Indian War 1861-1864,[3] Snake War 1864-1868; and the Bannock War of 1878. These incidents generally began with a disagreement between settlers and the Paiute (singly or in a group) regarding property, retaliation by one group against the other, and finally counter-retaliation by the opposite party, frequently culminating in the armed involvement of the U.S. Army. Many more Paiutes died from newly introduced infectious diseases such as smallpox than in warfare. Sarah Winnemucca's book Life Among the Piutes (1883)[4] gives a first-hand account of this period, although it is not considered to be wholly reliable.
Fort Churchill was built for $175,000 in July 1860, just a month after the second and final battle of the Pyramid Lake Indian War, and four years before Nevada entered the union as a state in October 1864.

The Indian war began in May 1860 after three white men at Williams Station, a Pony Express stop about 10 miles to the east, raped two teenage Indian girls. Their tribe responded by killing the men and burning the station.

Miners in Virginia City were outraged. Quickly 105 volunteers gathered and rode toward Pyramid Lake, expecting to rout the Paiutes and avenge the deaths.

Some of them probably were drunk and ill-prepared to fight, and the Indians hid in the brush and annihilated the volunteers, Schmidt said. Seventy-six died.

The call quickly went out to San Francisco for regular Army troops to put down the Indian uprising.

Capt. Joseph Stewart and hundreds of soldiers and volunteers that June got their revenge. Estimates are they killed as many as 160 Indians and lost two soldiers.

That proved to be the last major battle between Indians and soldiers in what became Nevada.

But no one knew at the time that the Indian wars in Nevada had ended.

Stewart was ordered to construct a military post along the Carson River to protect settlers, the Pony Express and the telegraph line. He named Fort Churchill after Gen. Sylvester Churchill, a hero of the Mexican War and the inspector general of the U.S. Army.
Unlike the Western movie forts with stockade walls, Fort Churchill consisted of 22 abode-brick buildings around a rectangular parade grounds. Corrals for horses and cattle were built on the west side of the front.

10-04-2013, 11:40 PM
Col. John Coffee "Jack" Hays (January 28, 1817 – April 21, 1883) was a captain in the Texas Rangers and a military officer of the Republic of Texas. Hays served in several armed conflicts from 1836–1848, including against the Comanche

people in Texas and during the Mexican-American War.

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Jack Hays was born at Little Cedar Lick, Wilson County, Tennessee. Rachel Jackson, wife of Andrew Jackson, was his great aunt. He spent much time with the Jacksons at the Hermitage while he was growing up, prior to the Jackson

presidency. His father Harmon Hays named his son for long-time family friend and Jackson protégé Colonel John Coffee.[1] Jack's brother was Confederate General Harry T. Hays of New Orleans. His sister, Sallie Hays Hammond, was the mother

of John Hays Hammond.[2]

In 1836, at the age of 19, Hays migrated to the Republic of Texas. Sam Houston appointed him as a member of a company of Texas Rangers because he knew the Hays family from Tennessee. Jack met with Sam Houston and delivered a letter of

recommendation from his uncle Andrew Jackson.

In the following years, Hays led the Rangers on a campaign against the Comanche and other tribes in Texas, and succeeded in weakening their power. In 1840 Tonkawa Chief Placido and 13 scouts joined with the Rangers to track down a large

Comanche war party,[3] culminating at the Battle of Plum Creek.[4] Later, Hays commanded the force against the invasion from Mexico of 1842. During the Mexican-American War (1846–1848), Hays commanded the First Regiment of Texas Rangers

at the Battle of Monterrey, established six companies along the northern and western frontier of Texas, and commanded the Second Regiment of Texas Rangers in Winfield Scott's Mexico City campaign.[5] The Rangers excelled during this

conflict, gaining nationwide fame.
Marriage and family

On April 29, 1847, in the Magnolia Hotel, Hays married Susan Calvert, a descendant of George Calvert, First Baron Baltimore, in Seguin, Texas, where he had his home.[6][7]

The Comanche had great admiration for Hays. Upon news of the birth of Hays' first son in California, Chief Buffalo Hump sent the Hays family a gift, a golden spoon engraved "Buffalo Hump Jr."

When John Hays Jr. married Anna McMullin in San Francisco, two Texas Ranger legacies were combined. Her father, Captain John McMullin, was one of Jack Hays' closest friends; he had followed him to California. In 1850 McMullin was elected

the first Sheriff of Sacramento.

Post-war years
Texas Rangers Captain John Coffee Hays.jpg

In 1849 Hays was appointed by the United States government as the US Indian agent for the Gila River country in New Mexico and Arizona.

The next year the Hayses joined the migration to California. Hays was elected sheriff of San Francisco County in 1850, and later became active in politics. In 1853, he was appointed US surveyor general for California.[8][9]

Hays was one of the founders of the city of Oakland. In the following years, he amassed a considerable fortune through real estate and ranching enterprises. In 1860, while in Virginia City, Nevada, on business, he heard the news of the

First Battle of Pyramid Lake. He commanded a force of volunteer soldiers at the Second Battle of Pyramid Lake.

During the Civil War, Hayes retired from military involvement.

In 1876, Hays was elected as a delegate to the Democratic Party national convention, which nominated Samuel J. Tilden for the presidency of the United States.

Jack Hays died in California on April 21, 1883, and was interred in Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland

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Second Battle of Pyramid Lake

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The Second Battle of Pyramid Lake (a.k.a. Battle of Truckee River) took place in response to the U.S. defeat at the First Battle of Pyramid Lake. A well-organized force of militia and regulars, under the capable leadership of famed Texas

Ranger Col. John C. “Jack” Hays, defeated the Paiute warriors under Chief Numaga. This was the final engagement of the Pyramid Lake War of 1860.

For more details on this topic, see Pyramid Lake War.

On May 6, 1860 a band of Paiutes raided Williams Station along the Carson River, near present-day Silver Springs, Nevada, killing three white settlers at the station. In response to this Maj. William Ormsby led a group of vigilantes from

Carson City and Virginia City against the Paiutes near Pyramid Lake. The vigilante force was ingloriously defeated and Ormsby killed. This defeat prompted local settlers to send a call for help to nearby California.[5]

Colonel John C. Hays responded to the call and traveled to Carson City to organize a regiment of 500 volunteers which he dubbed the “Washoe Regiment”. Another 165 volunteers came from the nearby California communities of Placerville,

Sacramento and Nevada City. Hays then marched his regiment to Virginia City.[5]

The U.S. Army also responded to the call. Captain Joseph Stewart left Fort Alcatraz with 144 Regulars from the 3rd U.S. Artillery and 6th U.S. Infantry regiments. Stewart arrived in Carson City to await further developments.[4] In the

meantime, Hays had marched out of Virginia City to Williams Station where he skirmished with 150 Paiutes before the warriors pulled back to Pyramid Lake.

The Paiutes returned to their village at Pyramid Lake near the mouth of the Truckee River. They sent their women and children into the Black Rock Desert as a protective measure.
Col "Jack" Hays led the volunteer forces

Colonel Hays retraced Ormsby’s path along the Truckee River and encamped near present-day Wadsworth. There, Captain Stewart joined the volunteers with Colonel Hays in overall command.

On June 2 the battle began[6] when Hays sent out an advance party of two companies while the main force moved 8 miles downriver from their camp much more cautiously than Ormsby had before. The advance party, moving toward the Paiute

village, encountered the remains of Ormsby’s command on the field of the previous battle which remained unburied.[3] The Natives then made a rapid advance upon the soldiers in the shape of a wedge. The advance party made a hasty


Colonel Hays selected an ideal location to make a stand. It was a narrow canyon, about a mile wide, anchored to the west by steep mountains of the Virginia Range. To the east ran the Truckee River. Both geographical features prevented

any flanking maneuver by the Natives. A rocky butte lay in the center of the field. To the west of this butte, rain had cut lateral gullies into the sandy ground providing natural breastworks which either side could have used to make

successive stands in the case he was forced to retreat.[3]
Numaga was the Paiute high chief

The Paiute charge had taken possession of the butte and now extended their own line from the river well into the rocks of the mountains to the west. The Paiutes had advanced so quickly that all geographical features advantageous to the

fight were now in their hands. The soldiers were forced to deploy on level ground to the south. Captain Stewart deployed his Regulars in a skirmish line to the west of the butte along the base of the mountains while the volunteers formed

to the east along the river.

Captain Edward Farris Storey and Captain J. B. Van Hagan, commanding two companies of volunteers from Virginia City and California respectively, decided to make a charge against the butte even before Hays got the entire main force in

place. Storey and Van Hagan succeeded in seizing the butte and for a short time were subjected to flanking fire as the Natives began to surround them from the river bank and mountain slopes. This forward position was relieved as Hays

advanced the main body forward. Stewart drove the warriors from the mountain slopes while Hays and the volunteers steadily advanced along the river. Eventually the two sides maintained a continuous line of battle opposing each other

roughly a mile long.[3]

The battle continued for some time with neither side gaining a clear advantage. After fighting for nearly three hours the Paiutes finally retreated up the canyon toward the lake.[4]

On June 4, Captain Stewart took up pursuit of the Natives coming upon the abandoned village at the mouth of the Truckee River. Colonel Hays followed Stewart northward in pursuit. On June 5 Hays sent a group of scouts through a canyon

northeast of Pyramid Lake. These scouts were ambushed and Private William Allen was killed. He was to be the last casualty of the war.
Fort Churchill was built in the aftermath of the battle

Shortly after Allen’s death, Colonel Hays returned with the Washoe Regiment to Carson City where he disbanded the regiment. Major Ormsby’s body was temporarily interred where it lay near Pyramid Lake, but was later moved to a cemetery in

Carson City. Captain Storey, who was mortally wounded in the battle, was buried in Virginia City. Both Ormsby and Storey would have Nevada counties named after them.[7]

Captain Stewart stayed in the Pyramid Lake area for a few more weeks but the Paiutes never returned.[4] His soldiers eventually built several earthen forts around the lake. Stewart abandoned these forts in favor of a larger fort along

the Carson River. Stewart began construction in 1861 and named the post Fort Churchill.
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10-04-2013, 11:54 PM
Goldrush 1800 in Lake Tahoe! (History)
Tribe "MINING" is the biggest Mine on Lake Tahoe and have many many rare resourcen (Supreme/Purble) and the Mining Leader is not the great loyal man!
PAIUTE INDIAN and the UNITED STATES ARMY with the WASHOE INDIAN wanted this Resourcen for her WAR (coming EVENT)

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As far back as 10,000 years ago the Washoe indian tribe began inhabiting Tahoe. The name Tahoe comes from a mispronunciation of the Washoe word 'Da ow a ga' which means "edge of the lake." Capt. John Freman was the first Euro-American to sight Lake Tahoe in 1844. Later that year, westward pioneers were the first to visit the lake. The California gold rush of 1849 brought many gold seekers through Tahoe, some of whom stayed and started ranches and road houses. Much history remains in the settling of the Lake Tahoe region. The story of the Donner Party is a quite famous episode that occurred in the 1800's in which pioneers were trapped within the fierce winter weather of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and had to resort to cannibalism to survive. It was not until later that Spring that the remaining few who survived to tell the famous story were rescued. Much of the 49er gold rush boom took place in the foothills surrounding the Lake Tahoe area which includes the world famous 'Empire Mine' just outside of Grass Valley and is a 30 minute drive from Lake Tahoe. In the later half of the 19th century, Lake Tahoe forests were clear cut to supply mines in Virginia City, Nevada. After plundering the forests, entrepreneurs bought and devastated land cheaply and established exclusive hotels and ornate summer mansions for the wealthy.

10-07-2013, 12:29 PM
Wow, some great historical info here Whorlok! I did some light reading on some of the indain tribes native to the Tahoe area a while back, great stuff. Look forward to your event.

10-15-2013, 12:53 PM
I would love to join the Paiute tribe and push back the colonists and their unsustainable way of life who will one day destroy our ecosystems... Wait a minute, that already happened, those bastards... Revenge! :mad:

Nice research Whorlok, it adds to the background and lore of the game. I was happy to learn that the original inhabitants of lake Tahoe ate squirrels. Sounds tasty and would be a nice change from raw fish. They also ate roots, hopefully that will come soon with the agriculture patch :D

But speaking of eating squirrel, where's the meat? ;) please tell us about the event itself.



03-01-2015, 09:43 AM
UPDATE 01.03.2015
If the new building is releast then the work for big event is again starting!..

it was nice if we have with ranged combat also the next EVOLUTION for this Event:

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03-02-2015, 08:03 AM

PAJUTE WAR 1860 EVENT RULES (real history from our XSYON Land) on "MYSTERY ISLAND" Coordinates:
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on MYSTERY ISLAND (the island in the middle of the sea) are four important TRIBES!
- SECOND TRIBE "MYSTERY" a temple city on the hill (IN MOMENT NO FUCTION!)
- FOURTH TRIBE "PAJUTE INDIAN" the second army


-if you want fight for the Tribe "UNITED STATES ARMY" contact/meet the Leader "JackCoffeeHays" in game
he invited your clan as an ALLIANCE
Coordinates of this tribe is on:

-if you want fight for the "PAJUTE INDIAN" contact/meet the Leader "NUMAGA" in game
he invited your clan as an ALLIANCE
Coordinates of this tribe is on:

Tribe "GOLDMINE" and Leader is "AMBASSADOR" Coordinates of this tribe is on:
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-If you want fight in this PVP Event contact/meet the Leader "AMBASSADOR" of the Tribe "GOLDMINE" and say him you wanted fight for one of the Army (PAJUTE INDIAN or UNITED STATES ARMY)
- Leader AMBASSADOR put you then to the:
"ALLIANCE" and "FAMILY" if you want fight for the "UNITED STATES ARMY" or
"ALLIANCE" and "FRIEND" if you want fight for the "PAJUTE INDIAN"

then you are now a Warrior in this Event and have access to the room at the goldmine(you can open FAMILY DOOR or FRIEND DOOR)


Now you need a armor from your Army!

-if you are a "PAJUTE INDIAN" then you need follow resources for the ARMOR and 3500 dollar:


-if you are a "UNITED STATES ARMY" then you need follow resources for the ARMOR and 3500 dollar:


- run to the tribe "GOLDMINE" with the premium/supreme resources and 3500 Dollar and open the door to the room from your army
- then give this PREMIUM/SUPREME resourcen stacks to the leader "AMBASSADOR" (give this resources by the first meeting with AMBASSADOR)
- then buy on the trade totem in this room one complete armor for 3500 Dollar (crafted from Leader "Whorlok" from the tribe "MYSTERY"
- in this TRADE TOTEM for your army all the ALLIANCE TRIBES can sell also WEAPONS for her soldiers (IMPORTANT:only the armor must buy from Leader "Whorlok")


-YOU ARE A WARRIOR and can go to the doors from your army
-You have access to the room in the tribe "GOLDMINE" for your army
-You have a complete set of your army


now...you can fight!..The war starts if on each side are 3 soldier

in the inner core of the tribe "GOLDMINE" is the trade totem where the GAMEMASTER sell daily VERY RARE RESOURCES/BOOKS/ITEMS for 1 Dollar!
to become access in the inner core the players must kill soldier from the enemy and loot her complete armor.
Then they run to the Goldmine in her army room where his trade totem is standing.

-For each ARMOR PIECE earns the player who sells enemy armor pieces 1 WARPOINT and in the Forum is an actually list which player have the most WARPOINTS...and this daily!

An army with all his soldier must sell 10 complete enemy armors
then the Leader "AMBASSADOR" is buying this armor pieces back for a complete Set 3500 Dollar and if he see one army have completed 10 sets of armor he is setting the inner door to FRIEND or FAMILY and this army can loot


Have the other army reached then 10 complete sets of armor the Leader "AMBASSADOR" switched then the DOOR ACCESS to the inner core!

BUT!...before the war is resetted the leader "NUMAGA" and the leader "JackCoffeeHays" give the best soldier of her army RANKS!...this RANKS doesnt resetted and all the soldier have this forever!

Each Army have 15 RANKS!...with each WARPOINT you see your growing!

with this RANKS of the soldier each player can be the KING of the tribe "MYSTERY" (THE EXACT RULES ARE IN WORK!IN MOMENT THEY HAVE NO FUNCTION)

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